Star Report: Cabo Verde Compact II | May 2019

Coordination and Partnerships

The GoCV received unsolicited proposals from the private sector to operate and complete the land cadaster on a PPP basis. This would enhance the sustainability of MCC’s compact by completing the MCC-funded land in-vestments and extending the rights and boundaries work and land cadaster coverage to other islands. MCC has recommended that the GoCV continue to study its options for a PPP after the end of the compact.

  • The WASH project was designed to incentivize corporatization of municipal water supply and sanitation systems and to get strong support by other key donors in the sector. The Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility, a multi-donor technical assistance facility affiliated with the World Bank, implemented an activity valued at $235,500 to widen the reach of the compact by financing feasibility studies to create two multi-municipality utilities for water and sanitation services on the islands of Santo Antão and São Nicolau. These utilities were modeled after the multi-municipality utility created on Santiago under the compact, which operates on a corporatized, commercial basis. Additionally, LuxDev, a long-standing partner of the GoCV that is active in the WASH sector, pledged up to €4 million to strengthen the IGF as the IGF evolved into a revolving fund, as well as €8.5 million in technical assistance for the WASH sector, including institutional strengthening of ANAS and AdS.(Money pledged to the IGF was later reallocated to other WASH sector activities due to a lack of activity with the fund.) Finally, The Coca-Cola Africa Foundation co-invested $400,000 alongside MCC in the SAF, which was aimed at increasing access to water and sanitation for poor households. As part of the SAF, the Coca-Cola Africa Foundation’s investment funded house connection fees and sanitation equipment. When added to MCC’s funding, this partnership funded connections for approximately 4,300 poor and disadvantaged households in urban, peri-urban, and rural areas, a result not anticipated during compact design.
  • 1. More information about MCC’s evaluation model can be found on MCC’s website:
  • 2. Clarification of parcel rights and boundaries entailed collecting data, analyzing existing land rights, and, with new, map-based information which was not available prior to the project, clarifying physical boundaries for each plot of land.
  • 3. Civil unions between men and women comprise the vast majority of unions in in Cabo Verde. These unions, which are unregistered, often meet the legal criteria that confer property rights under local family law. Rights to property in civil unions are usually registered in the name of the man alone. The project sought to: (a) identify the female partners with rights in these land plots; and (b) safeguard those rights by including information about the union in the registration records. Information outreach and training was also conducted to increase awareness of these rights.
  • 4. More information about MCC’s evaluation model can be found on MCC’s website:
  • 5. In addition to being measured against a more demanding, higher-income peer group, LMICs are evaluated on a scorecard which includes an indicator on girls’ secondary education enrollment rate (as opposed to girls’ primary enrollment rates for LICs) and an absolute threshold of 90 percent on the immunization rates indicator (as opposed to a median threshold for LICs).
  • 6. The estimated beneficiaries of the Infrastructure Grant Facility are a subset of the beneficiaries of the National Institutional Reform and Utility Reform Activities.
  • 7. Official Bulletin of the Council of Ministers, 2010. Plano de Acção Nacional para a Gestão Integrada dos Recursos Hídricos (PAGIRE). Resolution No. 66/2010; Compact Development Team, 2011. Unpublished analyses of Municipal Surveys on Gender (Santa Catarina, Praia, Paul).
  • 8. Further verification of increased availability and reliability of piped water service will be part of the independent evaluation.
  • 9. These are not mutually exclusive as there were households that received both a water and a sanitation connection.
  • 10. The full evaluation report can be found at
  • 11. As AdS worked to integrate all nine municipalities on Santiago, it has experienced challenges related to its customer database, billing and collections, factors impacting the completion and availability of necessary data for this indicator. However, improvements are expected on this indicator as AdS resolves these challenges and better data become available. For more detail, see the Explanation of Results below.
  • 12. Unused funds from elsewhere in the compact budget were reallocated to the Land Project during the compact period.
  • 13. Originally, the IGF was designed with three tranches of funds. When the Government met the conditions to release tranches two and three at the same time, it eliminated the need for three calls for funding.
  • 14. Water quality refers to the chemical, physical and biological characteristics of water, a measure of the condition of water relative to the requirements of one or more biotic species and/or to any human need or purpose. The most common standards used to assess water quality relate to health of ecosystems, safety of human contact and drinking water.