Timor-Leste Threshold Program

MCC’s Board of Directors approved the Government of Timor-Leste’s threshold program proposal in May 2010. Timor-Leste’s $10 million threshold program aimed to reduce corruption by building a network of anti-corruption institutions and actors, and to improve access to immunization services through the creation of a more effective community health system.

Implementing Partners

The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) administered the Timor-Leste threshold program.

Program Budget


  • Signed:
    September 23, 2010
  • Closed:
    March 31, 2014

Program Projects

Improve Access to Immunization Services

  • Identified underserved areas and developed long-term solutions to strengthen service delivery and identification of unimmunized children, to maintain higher coverage rates, and to immunize chronically low-coverage areas.
  • Implemented Integrated Community Health Services Units (SISCa) in all project-supported districts.
  • Improved surveillance and reporting of vaccine-preventable diseases to monitor the effectiveness of immunization efforts and allow for timely detection and response to disease outbreaks.
  • Increased capacity of district and community health center staff to effectively manage, plan, and supervise basic health care operations.

Strengthen Anti-Corruption Efforts

The following activities were executed as part of the effort to strengthen anti-corruption efforts:

  • Supported the Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC) as the lead agency for anti-corruption education, prevention, and investigation.
  • Built the investigative and prosecutorial skills of the Office of the Prosecutor General (OPG), particularly for corruption cases and economic crimes.
  • Strengthened the government’s internal auditing capabilities and established an external audit authority to improve the government’s ability to prevent and detect corruption.
  • Strengthened Parliament’s role through increased oversight of the government’s fiscal management practices.
  • Increased the capacity and public advocacy skills of civil society organizations, media, academic, and private sector associations to improve their effectiveness in monitoring, advocating, and disseminating information on corruption-related issues. 

Procurement-related activities were planned but not implemented due to time constraints during the implementation of the program.